How to Extinguish a Lithium Battery Fire

Lithium batteries are a powerful and efficient power source but can be dangerous if mishandled. It is best to avoid lithium battery fires whenever possible by following all safety instructions provided with the product. However, in the case of an emergency, it is important to know how to extinguish a fire involving a lithium battery.

When a lithium battery catches fire, the cells can heat up and explode. To ensure safety, knowing how to extinguish any fires that arise properly is important. The most effective way to extinguish a lithium battery fire is using an alcohol-based foam extinguisher. This type of extinguisher smothers the fire and cools the battery cells quickly. In this blog post, You will learn how to extinguish a lithium battery fire in detail.

How to Extinguish a Lithium Battery Fire

Step-by-S tep Instructions for How to Extinguish a Lithium Battery Fire

Step 1: Inspect the Lithium Battery Fire

Before attempting to extinguish the fire, inspect the area and ensure that everyone is in a safe location away from the flames. Using an ABC-rated fire extinguisher, aim it at the base of the fire while standing a safe distance away. Make sure to use short bursts and keep the extinguisher upright while spraying.

Step 2: Call Your Local Fire Department

Even if you can contain the fire with an extinguisher, calling your local fire department and informing them of the incident is still important. Once it is safe to approach the area, use soaking methods like smothering with sand or a dry chemical fire extinguisher to remove any remaining flames.

 It is Important to Cool 
Down the Affected Area

Step 3: Cool Down the Area

Once the fire is extinguished, it is important to cool down the affected area by sprinkling water over as much as possible. This will help to prevent reigniting any smoldering materials. After the fire has been extinguished and the area is cooled down, it is important to dispose of the Lithium batteries under local regulations.

Step 4: Clean Up the Area Promptly

Be sure to clean up any debris left over from the fire, including spilled material or broken pieces of equipment. This will help ensure the area is safe and free of any hazardous materials. Once everything has been cleaned up, inspect all the equipment in the vicinity to ensure it did not suffer any damage during the fire. If any damage is found, it should be reported promptly and repaired or replaced as necessary.

Be Sure to Clean 
Up Any Debris

Step 5: Educate Yourself on Lithium Battery Safety Practices

To help prevent another lithium battery fire, educate yourself on the proper safety practices and protocols for handling lithium batteries. This includes knowing when to recharge them when to discard them, and the proper storage requirements.

Step 6: Follow All Safety Guidelines

Above all else, ensure you follow all safety guidelines when working with lithium batteries. This includes wearing the appropriate safety gear, such as insulated gloves, goggles, and a face mask. Taking these precautions will help ensure that everyone remains safe while using or storing lithium batteries.

By following these steps, you can help prevent a lithium battery fire from occurring and ensure that everyone remains safe. Learning about lithium battery safety will go a long way in keeping you, your family, and your property safe.

Safety Precautions for How to Extinguish a Lithium Battery Fire

  1. Never try to put out the fire with water. Water will only cause the fire to spread and become more dangerous.
  2. Unplug the device from any power sources and place it in a metal container away from flammable materials like paper or wood.
  3. If available, cover the burning battery with sand, baking soda, or a dry chemical fire extinguisher.
  4. If the fire is too large to contain, evacuate the area and call 911 immediately.
  5. Do not attempt to remove the battery from the device, as it can cause further damage and ignite more flames.
  6. When handling a lithium battery fire, wear proper protective gear such as gloves, a face mask, and safety glasses.
  7. If the fire has been extinguished, ensure that all materials used to contain it are disposed of safely per local regulations.

It is important to exercise caution when working with or handling lithium batteries as they can be extremely hazardous if mishandled or exposed to excessive heat sources. These simple safety precautions and tips can help you safely extinguish a lithium battery fire and protect those around you.

It is Important to 
Exercise Caution

Are There Any Special Techniques You Should Use When Extinguishing a Lithium Battery Fire?

Yes. If a lithium battery fire cannot be avoided, several techniques should be used to put it out quickly and safely. The most effective way to extinguish a lithium battery fire is usually with either water or dry chemical powder-based extinguishers such as Class D extinguishers. This method works best because these substances create a barrier between the fuel source (the lithium battery) and the oxygen needed to sustain the fire.

If water is used, it should be applied directly onto the burning battery from a distance of at least 1 meter. Do not use water on batteries that are already charred, as this can cause them to explode, releasing toxic fumes and further spreading the flames. If a dry chemical extinguisher is used, the same safety precautions should be taken – stand at least 1 meter away from the battery and do not aim directly at charred batteries.

How Much Water Should You Use to Ensure the Fire is Put Out Effectively?

When extinguishing a lithium battery fire, the amount of water used is important. Due to the chemical reaction, this type of fire requires more water than conventional fires. Generally speaking, you should use at least two gallons of water for each gallon of fuel involved in the fire.

This will ensure that all of the heat energy is extinguished and prevent any further damage from occurring. Consider using a fire extinguisher to help you put out the flames in addition to water. It is important, however, that you are aware of your lithium battery’s chemical reaction and use an appropriate extinguishing agent for this type of fire.

How Can You Help Prevent Lithium Battery Fires From Occurring in the Future?

Lithium battery fires can be prevented if proper safety precautions are taken. This includes ensuring all batteries are charged and stored correctly, avoiding overcharging or leaving them on charge for too long, and regularly inspecting your equipment to check for any signs of wear or damage.

It is important to avoid placing lithium batteries near heat sources as this increases the fire risk. Additionally, it is best to store lithium batteries in their original protective cases or bags and never leave them exposed. Following these steps can help reduce the likelihood of your battery catching fire and ensure your equipment remains safe.

What Should You Do If You Suspect Your Lithium Battery Has Caught Fire?

If you think your lithium battery has caught fire, the most important thing to do is remain calm and take immediate action. First, try to extinguish the flames by using a fire extinguisher or water. Disrupt all power sources and move combustible materials away from the fire if possible. If the flame cannot be extinguished with these methods, evacuate immediately to prevent harm to yourself or those around you. Once the fire is out, following safety protocols and seeking medical attention is essential.

Try to Extinguish the Flames 
By Using a Fire Extinguisher

These are key tips for extinguishing a lithium battery fire safely and effectively. Following these steps can help you ensure that your equipment remains safe and reduce the risk of further damage in the event of a fire. It is always important to be aware of potential risks and take proactive steps to ensure your safety.


Although lithium-ion batteries are incredibly efficient, the potential for a fire remains. Therefore, it is important to know how to properly extinguish a lithium battery fire if one were to occur. However, suppose you cannot access a fire extinguisher or the necessary safety equipment. In that case, it is best not to attempt putting out the fire yourself and to contact your local fire department instead.

In conclusion, lithium battery fires can be dangerous and should not be taken lightly. Understanding how to extinguish them before they get out of hand is important. Removing the batteries from the source of heat is a great way to avoid any issues with overheating or combustion. I hope reading this post has helped you learn how to extinguish a lithium battery fire. Make sure the safety precautions are carried out in the order listed.

Leave a Comment